National Parks and Sanctuaries in Rajasthan

Ranthambore National Park

If you are busy finding the best place to spot white tigers, then Ranthambore National Park is the place for you. The park covers an area of 1334 sq km and at its center is the beautiful Ranthambore Fort. Till 1970, the park was hunting ground of one of the Maharaja’s. After 15 long years, it became a sanctuary. Apart from the white tigers, there are many more animals which are there in the park and these include the endangered caracal, the leopard, the jungle cat, members of the dog family, such as hyenas, foxes and jackals, the sloth bear and varieties of deer, including the chital (spotted deer) and the sambar. The park also has two species of antelope which are the Chinkara (Indian gazelle) and the Nilgai (antelope).

The Ranthambore National Park is open from October to June every year for the tourists. Tourists from all over visit the park for its scenic locations which the fort offers. The national park is 10km from the town of Sawai Madhopur and 3km from the main gate and Ranthambore fort. There are many hotels and lodges near the park which offer tourists with a comfortable and budget stay.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Also known as Bhartpur National Park, The Keoladeo National Park is a popular tourist attraction in Rajasthan. The park was built 250 years ago by Maharaja Suraj Mal. At that time, the park was mainly used for private duck shooting. Later, it was established as a bird sanctuary. In 1982, the bird sanctuary was declared as a national park with the name ‘Keoladeo Ghana National Park’. This national park also received the status of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. The park covers an area of 29 km2.

The national park is known to varieties of turtles, fishes and birds. Tourists from all over the world visit this park to have a look at these birds and animals. The park offers a true treat to bird lovers during the monsoon season as birds from different parts of the country visit here. Some birds which tourists get to see are imperial eagles, marsh harriers, steppe eagles, tawny eagles, spotted eagles and laggar falcons.

The national park is connected to Bharatpur via buses and auto rickshaws. Those who wish to pass through the park via bicycle can get it from the authority which provide then at affordable rates.   

Sariska National Park

Located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan, The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a popular Indian national park. There are scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses which are supported by the topography of the park. Formerly, the park was a hunting preserve of the Alwar state. Later on, it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955. The park was given the status of tiger reserve in India’s Project Tiger. The national park covers an area of 866 km².

The area in which the park is located is rich in mineral resources such as copper. This is because the park is a part of the Aravalli Range. Bengal tigers are considered the most attractive feature of the Sariska Tiger Reserve. The reserve has different species of wild life including leopard, jungle cat, caracal, golden jackal, hare, striped hyena, chital, Sambar, Nilgai, Chinkara, four-horned antelope, wild boar, hanuman langur and many more. Apart from the tigers and other wildlife species, the reserve also has birds such as peafowl, tree pie, grey partridge, crested serpent eagle, bush quail, sand grouse, golden-backed woodpecker and the Great Indian Horned Owl. The park is 107 kms from Jaipur and 200 kms from Delhi.

Desert National Park

Situated in Rajasthan near Jaisalmer, Desert National Park is one of the largest parks in Rajasthan as it covers an of 3162 km². 20% of the park is covered with sand dunes. The other part of the park consists of craggy rocks, fixed dunes, compact salt lake bottoms and intermedial areas. The Desert National Park also has a collection of fossils of animals and plants which are around 180 million years old. Some fossils of Dinosaurs which are 6 million years old have also been found in the area in which the park is located.

The park is a must-visit for bird-watchers as it has many eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures. Most commonly found birds in the park are short-toed eagles, tawny eagles, spotted eagles, laggar falcons and kestrels. Apart from all these birds, the main attractions of the park are the endangered Indian bustard and the Gadsisar Sagar tank.  The best time to visit the desert national park is between November and January.

Those who visit the desert national park should check-in to the hotel at Jaisalmer. There are many hotel options in Jaisalmer which offer a comfortable and budget stay. From Jaisalmer, travelers can take a jeep and head to the desert national park.

Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary

Located at one of the oldest mountain ranges, the Aravali range, Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1980. The sanctuary covers a plateau which is 19 km long and 6 km wide. The rocks which are present in the sanctuary are igneous and large cavities are found on them when they come in contact with wind and water.

The sanctuary is rich in floral bio-diversity which can be witnessed through sub-tropical thorn forests and sub-tropical evergreen forests. The sanctuary has 112 plant families and 81 tree species, 28 climber species, 89 species of shrubs and 17 species of tuberous plants of medicinal importance. The place also has a wide variety of orchids. The sanctuary is visited by thousands of people every year.

Coming to the fauna, a variety of rare and endangered fauna are found here. Flipping back the pages, we get to know that the sanctuary saw the presence of lion and tiger. Today, we can find the leopard, bear, sambar, jungle cat, wild boar, small Indian civet, wolf, hyaena, jackal, Indian fox, common langur, pangolin, common mongoose, Indian hare, porcupine and hedgehog. More than 250 species of birds are found in the sanctuary.

Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary

Surrounding the Kumbhalgarh fortress, Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 578 km2. The sanctuary also covers the Aravalli range which further makes it cover some parts of Udaipur, Rajsamand, and Pali districts which makes it an area of around 500 to 1,300 mt. The name of the sanctuary has been taken from the historic fort of Kumbhalgarh which can be viewed from the sanctuary.

The sanctuary is home to wide variety of wild life, also including those who are highly endangered species. The wild life of the sanctuary includes wolf, leopards, sloth bear, jackal, hyena, jungle cat, sambar, Nilgai, Chausingha, Chinkara and hare. The place also presents an amazing bird life with birds like grey jungle fowl, red spur owls, Parakeets, golden Oriole, grey Pigeons, Bulbul, Dove and white breasted kingfisher.

The natural beauty which prevails in the sanctuary attracts many tourists from all across the globe. Because of its close proximity with Udaipur, people travel a lot to get a glimpse of those scenic locations. Those who wish to have a safari route get to travel through the Kumbhalgarh fort to Ghanerao and then borders which form and reach to an old abandoned road.